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  • Background to the study

On February 26th, 1952 the Emirs of Gwandu moved the motion in the Northern House of Chiefs.

“That this house, agreeing that Bribery and corruption are widely prevalent in all walk of life, recommends that Native Authorities should make every effort to trace and punish offenders with strict impartiality and to educate public opinion against bribery and corruption.


And yet eleven years later, Ronald Waith and Edgar simple kins noticed that “in Africa corruption flourishes as luxuriantly ass the bush and weeds which it so much resembles, taking the goodness form the soil and suffocating the growth of the plants which have been carefully and expensively bred and tended. The forces ranged against it are negligible”.

One of the major challenges that has faced the Nigeria society over the years in the issue of corruption. Corruption has become so deep sealed in the country that it has become so deep scaled in the country that it had stunted growth in all sectors difficulties in developing fast. Transparency international on independent global watch on corruption has eaten deep into the fabrics of the police force, such that seeing a policemen quickly conjures the image of someone who collect bribe. Illegal road blocks are mounted almost at regular intervals on the highway for the purpose of extorting money especially from commercial drivers.

Public attitudes towards the police is nothing to write home about over the years. Indeed, it has been a table of woes.

The public out cry against the police office is sadden since, some belief that the police are also accomplice adding that some unscrupulous police officers not only collude with the men of underworld but also engage in the robbery themselves.

This subject citizens life insecure since robbers can attack at gun point for close three hours or more without any response from the police.

However, it should be noted that not all police officers are corrupt, few may be faithful and loyal in discharging their crucial roles in the society.


According to Rose-Ankerman (1997) as sited in Saliu Ed (1999) corruption in which ever way it is viewed and considered underpinnings as it effects efficiency and economic system. In Nigeria, corrupt acts are called such slang as “egunje” “kinkbacks” settlement”, “fastone”, “brown envelop” e.t.c. No matter how richly endowed a nation might be corruption can be cognitive wheel of economic progress and development.

Article 324 of the police regulation states, among others that a police officer shall be determined as incorruptible in the exercise of his police duties. The violation of this status is as old as the police force itself. One of the earliest officially recognized corrupt acts in road safety administration by the Nigeria Police can be traced back to December 1953 after the police started the vehicle inspection duty to determine the workiness or otherwise of vehicles.

The familiar bargon of “stop, park die, wetin you carry, wey your papers, wetin I wan do with N10 e.t.c. have become the voices and visions of Nigeria roads. This has resulted to delay and death to transporters, conductors and even passengers who refused to give them the money on demand by the police.

The advance fee fraud known generally as ‘419’ cannot be fought by the Nigeria police force, another body was set up to tackle financial and related crimes. The pervasiveness of ‘419’ had made businessmen who were being increasing spurned by the international business community because of distrust brought about by advance fee fraud. The established body EFCC (The economic and financial crime commission). Since it inception had also prosecuted officials involved in corrupt enrichment. The worst of it all was the prosecution of a former inspector General of Police.

The isolation of the police from those they are supposed to serve often produces a siege mentality since the police have little regular contact or good interpersonal relationship with ordinary citizens. A person from a humble background for example has lees chance of having his course takes up by the police appropriately. The citizens lack confidence in police, this has often led to problem in police investigation of crime because members of the public most often do not want to be involve in police cases such as reporting crimes which they have witness neither would they give a necessary information which could help them in discharging their duty. Citizens sometimes prefer punishing offenders when caught instead of reporting to the police.


This study is aimed at achieving the following specific objectives:

To investigate the various causative factors of corruption in the Nigeria police forces.

To discuss the effect of corruption on the society.

To offer possible way of combating corruption in the police force.


The following research questions are considered in this study.

Is there any relationship between the police force and the public?

Are the activities of Nigeria police force supportive or complementary towards the security of the citizens?

Is there any relationship between police profession and other professions in Nigeria?

Is there any relationship between corruption and symbol of failure in Nigeria?


This study is to bring to light the term corruption which is one of the major challenges Nigeria as a state is facing so as to combat it as in society.

The study will be of help to the social science students who are the leaders of tomorrow to note of the reasons for underdevelopment in Nigeria, and to carry out more research so as to find a lasting solution.


The work examine the concept of corruption and public attitude towards the Nigeria police force in the following chapters.

Chapter one consist of the following sub-headings: introduction/background to the study. Here, researcher introduce the topic in question within a page and 10 pages. It serves as an age opener to the reader. Statement of problem: Here, researcher states in question from the problem that is associated with the concept to be investigated.

Purpose and objective of study: here, the reason and aims of the research is stated.

Hypothesis formulation: This is a tentative statement that findings of investigation will proof to be right or wrong. It also meant to guide the researcher.

Significant of the study is the role or importance of the research to academic and society at large.

Scope and limitation is concerned with area to be covered.

Organization of the study is the outline of each chapter while the lost subheading is the definition or clarification of major terms used.

Chapter two contains literature review which consist theoretical work of others that is related to research about to be investigated.

Chapter three is basically research methodology, where the method adopted is stated.

Chapter four is majority on discussion of findings or data analysis.

Chapter five consist of summary of the findings, conclusion, suggestion and recommendation.


This research will concentrate on corruption as it affect the society and the Nigeria Police Force. Consequently, the study is limited to Ilorin West Local Government of Kwara State. This local government comprises of the following area: Emir’s place, Oja-Oba, Oloje, Baboko, Agbo-Oba, Adewole Estate, Sawmill, Taiwo to mention but few.


POLICE FORCE: Police is a government agency responsible for general maintenance of low and order.

CRIME: It is a deviant act or behaviour that violate a society’s legal code. This act is followed by a sanction on the committees of the offences.

PUBLIC: The aggregation of individual or group of individual that makes up a society.

ATTITUDE: A habitual mode of thought or feeling.

CORRUPTION: Is the fraudulent activity especially siphoning funds that are meant for the general populace for one’s selfish use only.

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