The use of play as learning strategy for skills development in early childhood education, Lagos Nigeria

THE USE OF PLAY AS LEARNING STRATEGY FOR SKILLS DEVELOPMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION, LAGOS NIGERIA

A study of Lagos Mainland Local Government

Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

Play is a spontaneous, voluntary, pleasurable and flexible activity involving a combination of body, object, symbol use and relationships. In contrast to games, play behaviour is more disorganized, and is typically done for its own sake (i.e., the process is more important than any goals or end points (Broadhead, 2011). Recognized as a universal phenomenon, play is a legitimate right of childhood and should be part of all children’s life. Between 3% to 20% of young children’s time and energy is spent in play (Isaacs, 2012). Over the last decade, it has been observed that there is an on-going reduction of playtime in favour of educational instructions, especially in modern and urban societies. Yet, play is essential to young children’s education and should not be abruptly minimized and segregated from learning. Not only play helps children develop pre-literacy skills, problem solving skills and concentration, but it also generates social learning experiences, and helps children to express possible stresses and problems. (Laine & Neitola, 2004; Lawrence, 2012; Erikson, 2006).

Deeply entrenched within the historical roots of early childhood education, play has long been a dominant feature of early childhood teaching pedagogy (Rogers 2011). Over many centuries, philosophers, theorists, educationalists and more recently, policy makers have worked hard to define the nature of childhood, play and the purposes of education (Fisher 2008). In particular, researchers have become increasingly interested in how traditional and contemporary theories on play and childhood have informed conceptualisations of childhood (Grieshaber and McArdle 2010),  and the development of early childhood curriculum (Graue 2008). Wood and Attfield (2005) claim that until the nineteenth century, ˜˜childhood was seen as an immature form of adulthood and children from all social classes had little status in society’’. Wood and Attfield suggest that it was the studies of classical play theorists, such as Rousseau, Froebel and Dewey, that dramatically changed societal views and attitudes towards children, to the extent that ˜˜freedom to learn could be combined with appropriate nurturing and guidance’’, through the strongly held belief that play was critical to children’s learning and development (Platz and Arellano 2011).

In the submission of Almon (2009), creative play is a central activity in the lives of healthy children. Almon opined that play helps children weave together all the elements of life as they experience it and that It allows them to digest life and make it their own. Hewett (2007) sees play as an outlet for the fullness of children’s creativity, viewing it is an absolutely critical part of their childhood. With creative play, children blossom and flourish; without it, they suffer a serious decline. (Almon,2009).

Young children are born with an innate urge to grow and learn (Henninger, 2005). They continually develop new skills and capacities, and if they are allowed to set the pace with a bit of help from the adult world they will work at all this in a playful and tireless way. Rather than respecting this innate drive to learn however, we treat children as if they can learn only what we adults can teach them ( Henninger, 2005). As a result of this approach, Henninger concluded that these children are stripped of their innate confidence in directing their own learning.

All aspects of development and learning are related in play, particularly the affective and cognitive domains. When children have time to play, their play grows in complexity and becomes more cognitively and socially demanding (Fagen, 2007). Through free play children: explore materials and discover their properties, use their knowledge of materials to play imaginatively, express their emotions and reveal their inner feelings, come to terms with traumatic experiences, maintain emotional balance, physical and mental health, develop a sense of who they are, their value and that of others learn social skills of sharing, learn turn-taking and negotiation, deal with conflict, learn to negotiate and solve problems,  gradually move from support to independence, develop communication and language skills, repeat patterns that reflect their prevailing interests and use symbols as forms of representation (Cullen, 2013).  In play children seek out risks, because through these they develop their self-esteem and confidence (Fagen, 2007).Play is directed by the child and the rewards come from within the child. Play is enjoyable and spontaneous. Play helps the child learn social and motor skills and cognitive thinking (Fagen, 2007).

Play is needed for the healthy development of a child. Herron & Sutton-Smith (2011) showed that 75 percent of brain development occurs after birth. Play helps with that development by stimulating the brain through the formation of connections between nerve cells (Herron & Sutton-Smith, 2011). According to the researchers, this process helps with the development of fine and gross motor skills. Fine motor skills are actions such as being able to hold a crayon or pencil. Gross motor skills are actions such as jumping or running (Laine & Neitola, 2004).

Through the tool of play, children gain knowledge. They learn to think, remember, and solve problems. Play gives children the opportunity to test their beliefs about the world. Play also helps the child to develop language and socialization skills. It allows children to learn to communicate emotions, to think, be creative and solve problems( Erikson, 2006). Broadhead (2011) also submitted that children gain an understanding of size, shape, and texture through play. That it helps them learn relationships as they try to put a square object in a round opening or a large object in a small space. Books, games, and toys that show pictures and matching words add to a child’s vocabulary. It also helps a child’s understanding of the world.

Play with other children helps a child learn how to be part of a group. Play allows a child to learn the skills of negotiation, problem solving, sharing, and working within groups. Unstructured play may lead to more physical movement and healthier children. It enhances children’s learning readiness and their cognitive development by allowing them to move from subject and area without of the fear of failure. Playtime in school such as recess time, allows learning and practicing of basic social skills. Children develop a sense of self, learn to interact with other children, how to make friends, and the importance of role-playing. Exploratory play in school allows children time to discover and manipulate their surroundings.

Increasingly however, preschool and kindergarten children find themselves in school settings which feature scripted teaching, computerized learning, and standardized assessment. Physical education and recess are being eliminated; new schools are built without playgrounds. While allegedly, these approaches are providing what Langsted (2004) called  quality education, they trivialize and undermine children’s natural capacities for meaningful and focused life lessons through creative play and this leaves many children profoundly alienated from their school experiences (Langsted, 2004).

In the observation of Alexander, Fabricius, Fleming, Zwahr & Brown (2003) preschool and kindergarten children increasingly find themselves in school settings which feature scripted teaching, computerized learning, and standardized assessment. Schaffer also observed that physical education and recess are being eliminated and that  new schools are built without playgrounds. While allegedly, these approaches are providing “quality education,” as Schaffer termed it, they trivialize and undermine children’s natural capacities for meaningful and focused life lessons through creative play and this leaves many children profoundly alienated from their school experiences.

Many adults are convinced that we need to “teach” young children. It is certainly true that we need to set an example in all kinds of activities. We also need to create appropriate spaces where children can play and learn, and we need to lend a helping hand — and at times even intervene when things are going wrong. But mostly we need to honor the innate capacity for learning of every healthy young child (Annevirta & Vauras, 2006).

Teachers hope that their teaching pedagogy will help them to achieve the objectives that they set out for. Early childhood teachers hope that their teaching methods would foster the growth and development that they want to see in the children. Also, parents want the early childhood education of their children to set the foundation for development into a bright, well-adjusted future.  Research has shown that through play, the above-mentioned aims could be adequately achieved. However, contemporary early childhood teaching is increasingly being done through elaborate teaching outlines, minimizing the role of play as a tool; but are these outlines as effective as play? It is against these backdrop that this study examines the assignment of play as principal learning tools in early childhood.

1.2     Statement of the Problem

One of the problems of early childhood is to determine the teaching pedagogy that will yield the best results. The best teaching methods has to be favoured because of the importance of early childhood in the development of mental functions of children, which include language, motor skills and psychological skills.

These functions have however been known to be greatly influenced by the nature of the educational environment to which the child is exposed during the first six to eight years of life (Bowman, Donovan & Burns, 2001). Researchers such as Forget-Dubois et al (2011) also link effective Early Childhood Education to increases in school readiness for primary school “ which is an important predictor of early school achievements.

Despite the enunciated objectives of ECE programme and Government’s commendable efforts towards realizing the objectives, the objectives of ECE has not been fully realized. There exist indications of implementation pit falls evident in proliferation of  sub-standard  ECE centres which result to the  school dropout,  low enrolment  of pupils in the primary school level.  Most schools in the states of the federation are either in poor states of disrepairs and overcrowded or lack basic infrastructural facilities necessary to aid learning.

Thus, this study examines the Use of Play as Learning Strategy for Skills Development in Early Childhood Education, Lagos Nigeria. Again it will look at how the best educational environment can be created for children in Early Childhood Education through the use of play as learning strategy.

1.3     Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to assess the use of play as learning strategy for skills development in Early Childhood Education in Lagos Nigeria. This study aims to evaluate the importance of play as a learning tool in the adequate preparation of children for later childhood and future education. Specifically, this study aims to

  • Investigate the influence of play on the cognitive skills of children
  • Determine the influence of play on the social skills of children
  • Evaluate the influence of play on the motor skills of children
  • Determine the influence of play on the attentiveness of children

1.4     Research Questions

The research questions have been carefully scripted in line with the research objectives to blended with the Use of Play as Learning Strategy for Skills Development in Early Childhood Education, Lagos Nigeria. They are stated as follows:

  • Will the use of play as learning strategy for skills development in early childhood have a significant influence on the cognitive skills of children?
  • Will the use of play as learning strategy for skills development in early childhood have a significant influence on the social skills of children?
  • Will the use of play as learning strategy for skills development in early childhood have a significant influence on the motor skills of children?
  • Will the use of play as learning strategy for skills development in early childhood have a significant influence on the attentiveness of children?

 1.5     Research Hypotheses

  • Use of play as learning strategy for skills development in early childhood will not have a significant influence on the cognitive skills of children.
  • Use of play as learning strategy for skills development in early childhood will not have a significant influence on the social skills of children.
  • Use of play as learning strategy for skills development in early childhood will not have a significant influence on the motor skills of children.
  • Use of play as learning strategy for skills development in early childhood will not have a significant influence on the attentiveness of children.

 1.6     Significance of the study

This study on the Use of Play as Learning Strategy for Skills Development in Early Childhood Education, Lagos Nigeria will be a source of knowledge to educational planners in early childhood education. It will reveal literature on the use of play as principal learning tool for the children, thereby giving these planners greater empirical platform on which to establish their teaching paradigms.

This study will also be useful to curriculum planners as it serves as a further body of knowledge in knowing what to incorporate, what to remove, what works and what does not work.

Last but not least, this study is a source of information to both parents and teachers about how play can facilitate the physical, emotional and psychosocial growth of children and prepare them for the future.

 1.7     Scope of the study / Delimitation

The study examines the Use of Play as Learning Strategy for Skills Development in Early Childhood Education, Lagos Nigeria. The scope of this study is delimited to assessing the assignment of play as principal learning tools in Early Childhood, covering the variables of cognitive skills, social skills, motor skills, and attentiveness of children and using the descriptive survey research method. The area covered by this study is Lagos Mainland Local Government.

 1.8     Operational Definition of Terms

  • Play: A learning method which involves spontaneous, voluntary, pleasurable and flexible activities involving a combination of body, object, symbol use and relationships.
  • Learning tool: The teaching design adopted for learning
  • Early Childhood: The period from birth to three years old, marked by remarkable brain growth.
  • Cognitive Skills: Brain-based skills required of a child to carry out tasks which have to do with learning, remembering and solving problems.
  • Social Skills: These are skills required of a child to facilitate interaction and communication with others
  • Motor Skills: These are skills that involves using one’s muscles. They involve movements of the legs, arms, feet or the entire body.
  • Attentiveness:  The ability to pay attention.
  • Learning Environment: This refers to the physical conditions, context and ideological atmosphere under which students learn.
  • Unoccupied play: In the early months of infancy, from birth to about three months, the child is busy in unoccupied play. Children seem to be making random movements with no clear purpose. This is the initial form of playing (Vygotsky, 1978).
  • Solitary play: From three to 18 months, babies will spend much of their time playing on their own. During solitary play, children are very busy with play and they may not seem to notice other children sitting or playing nearby. They are exploring their world by watching, grabbing and rattling objects. Solitary play begins in infancy and is common in toddlers. This is because of toddlers’ limited social, cognitive, and physical skills (Vygotsky, 1978).
  • Onlooker pla Onlooker play happens most often during the toddler years. This is where the child watches other children play. Children are learning how to relate to others and learning language. Although children may ask questions of other children, there is no effort to join the play. This type of play usually starts during toddler years but can take place at any age (Vygotsky, 1978).
  • Parallel play: From the age of 18 months to two years, children begin to play alongside other children without any interaction. This is called parallel play. Parallel play provides the toddler with opportunities for role-playing such as dressing up and pretending. It also helps children gain the understanding of the idea of property right such as “mine.” They begin to show their need of being with other children their own age. Parallel play is usually found with toddlers, although it happens in any age group (Vygotsky, 1978).
  • Social play: Children around the age of three are beginning to socialize with other children. By interacting with other children in play settings, your child learns social rules such as give and take and cooperation. Children are able to share toys and ideas. They are beginning to learn to use moral reasoning to develop a sense of values. To be prepared to function in the adult world, children need to experience a variety of social situations (Vygotsky, 1978).
  • Motor – Physical Play: When children run, jump, and play games such as hide and seek and tag they engage in physical play. Physical play offers a chance for children to exercise and develop muscle strength. Physically playing with the child teaches social skills while enjoying good exercise. The child will learn to take turns and accept winning or losing ((Vygotsky, 1978)..
  • Constructive Play: In this type of play, children create things. Constructive play starts in infancy and becomes more complex as the child grows. This type of play starts with your baby putting things in his/her mouth to see how they feel and taste. As a toddler, children begin building with blocks, playing in sand, and drawing. Constructive play allows children to explore objects and discover patterns to find what works and what does not work. Children gain pride when accomplishing a task during constructive play. Children who gain confidence manipulating objects become good at creating ideas and working with numbers and concepts ((Vygotsky, 1978).
  • Expressive Play: Some types of play help children learn to express feelings. Here, teachers can use many different materials. Materials may include paints, crayons, colored pencils and markers for drawing pictures or writing. It can also include such items as clay, water, and sponges to experience different textures. Beanbags, pounding benches, and rhythm instruments are other sources of toys for expressive play. The adult can take an active role in expressive play by using the materials alongside the child (Vygotsky, 1978).

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THE USE OF PLAY AS LEARNING STRATEGY FOR SKILLS DEVELOPMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION, LAGOS NIGERIA

A study of Lagos Mainland Local Government

 

 

 

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A study of Lagos Mainland Local Government

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  1. FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF PARENTAL SUPPORT ON PRESCHOOL PUPILS LEARNING OUTCOMES IN DISTRICT III IKOYI LAGOS

Full Project – Impact of Parental Support on Preschool Pupils Learning Outcomes In District III Ikoyi Lagos Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Education in the second half of the twentieth century has been characterized by increases in the provision of educational programs for preschool-age children. The largest wave Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF EARLY CHILDHOOD PLAY EQUIPMENT ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-NURSERY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN LOCAL EDUCATION DISTRICT, SHOMOLU, LAGOS

Full Project – IMPACT OF EARLY CHILDHOOD PLAY EQUIPMENT ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-NURSERY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN LOCAL EDUCATION DISTRICT, SHOMOLU, LAGOS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background to the Study All aspects of development and learning are related in play, particularly the affective and cognitive domains. When children have time Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF PLAY EQUIPMENT ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-NURSERY PUPILS IN LOCAL EDUCATION DISTRICT, SURULERE, LAGOS

Full Project – IMPACT OF PLAY EQUIPMENT ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-NURSERY PUPILS IN LOCAL EDUCATION DISTRICT, SURULERE, LAGOS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background to the Study All aspects of development and learning are related in play, particularly the affective and cognitive domains. When children have time to play, their Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – INFLUENCE OF PLAY AND PLAY EQUIPMENT ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY PUPILS IN LOCAL EDUCATION DISTRICT, SURULERE, LAGOS

Full Project – INFLUENCE OF PLAY AND PLAY EQUIPMENT ON THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY PUPILS IN LOCAL EDUCATION DISTRICT, SURULERE, LAGOS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background to the Study Young children are born with an innate urge to grow and learn (Chi, 2009). They continually develop new skills and capacities, Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECTS OF CORONA VIRUS ON THE EDUCATION OF PRESCHOOL CHILD

Full Project – Effects of corona virus on the education of preschool child Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT This study was on assessing the Effects of corona virus on the education of preschool child: A case study of   Holy Child College of Education Takoradi. The following objectives was used for successful finding of the study: Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – APPRAISAL OF CHILD LABOUR ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SHOMOLU LAGOS STATE

APPRAISAL OF CHILD LABOUR ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SHOMOLU LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION ABSTRACT   This research investigates the appraisal of child labour on student academic performance in Shomolu Lagos State. Specifically, the study tried to; identify the personal characteristics of pupils’ and teachers in public primary school in Read more…

 

  1. PROJECT -EFFECTS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) GADGET IN TEACHING NURSERY SCHOOLS (A STUDY OF FIVE SELECTED PRE-SCHOOLS IN HONG LGA, ADAMAWA STATE)

Project – EFFECTS OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) GADGET IN TEACHING NURSERY SCHOOLS (A STUDY OF FIVE SELECTED PRE-SCHOOLS IN HONG LGA, ADAMAWA STATE) Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background to the Study ICT technologies present novel opportunities to strengthen many aspects of early childhood education practice such as children’s learning Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE PRIMARY EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN

Full Project – THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE PRIMARY EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 INTRODUCTION Primary education is the foundation a child requires in his or her educational pursuit. The quality of primary education a child get would determine his performance in secondary school as well as tertiary level. It will Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – PERCEPTION OF PARENTS ON OVER-SCHOOLING OF CHILDREN AT THE PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION

Full Project – PERCEPTION OF PARENTS ON OVER-SCHOOLING OF CHILDREN AT THE PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  ABSTRACT Over-schooling at the pre-primary school is a serious violation of the provisions of National Policy on Education. It is seen as over burdening, over tasking and over tutoring of the preprimary school children. The study was Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR POOR NURSERY/PRIMARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Full Project – Factors Responsible for Poor Nursery/Primary Education in Nigeria Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT Early years in life are the most important to the formation of intelligence, personality and social behaviour of a child. The Nursery or Early Childhood Education (ECE) comprises essential programmes and activities which are critical to holistic development, academic Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE STANDARD OF PRIMARY EDUCATION AND ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Full Project – The standard of Primary Education and its effect on Educational Development Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract Education is widely regarded as the route to economic prosperity, the key to scientific and technological advancement, the means to combat unemployment, and the foundation of social equity. Primary education is a foundational level of education Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN FINANCING PRIMARY EDUCATION

Full Project – THE COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN FINANCING PRIMARY EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   ABSTRACT The success of my educational system is a collective responsibility of every component of the system in service to the organization, the successes of Nigeria primary education is hinged in cooperation between individual, parents, community and government, the position Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Full Project – Challenges and Prospects of Primary Education in Nigeria Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract Education is widely regarded as the route to economic prosperity, the key to scientific and technological advancement, the means to combat unemployment, and the foundation of social equity. Primary education is a foundational level of education that needs to Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE EFFECT OF PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION ON THE SPEECH DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILD

Full Project – THE EFFECT OF PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION ON THE SPEECH DEVELOPMENT OF THE PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILD Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   ABSTRACT The study attempted to investigate the effect of pre-primary school education in the speech development of the primary school child in Mainland Local Government Area of Lagos State. The descriptive research Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – INTRODUCTION OF TEACHING SEX EDUCATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOL IN EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

Full Project – INTRODUCTION OF TEACHING SEX EDUCATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOL IN EGOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 TABLE OF CONTENT CHAPTER ONE- INTRODUCTION Background of the study Scope of the study Purpose of the study Significance of the study Research questions Limitation Definition of terms CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCES IN PRIMARY SCIENCE AND COMPUTER SCIENCE (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU EDUCATION ZONE)

Full Project – THE FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCES IN PRIMARY SCIENCE AND COMPUTER SCIENCE (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU EDUCATION ZONE) Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  ABSTRACT This research project was on, FACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR POOR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN PRIMARY SCIENCES AND COMPUTER SCIENCE (A CASE STUDY Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – AN ASSESSMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS’ PERFORMANCE IN SOME SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN BENIN CITY

Full Project – AN ASSESSMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS’ PERFORMANCE IN SOME SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN BENIN CITY Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  The theoretical case for universal pre-primary school education is strong, the practical aspect of it is weak.  This paper attempts to make a case for the practicality of pre-primary Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Full Project – PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  ABSTRACT The study aimed at finding out the problems and prospects of primary schools administration a case study of Kuje Area Council of FCT Abuja. Ten (10) schools were used as sample out of about thirty (30) public schools, five Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE PRIMARY EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN

Full Project – THE ATTITUDE OF PARENTS TOWARDS THE PRIMARY EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background of the Study Primary education is the foundation a child requires in his or her educational pursuit. The quality of primary education a child get would determine his performance in secondary school as Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – ASSESSMENT OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE EDUCATION PROVIDERS’ ADHERENCE TO THE PROVISIONS OF NATIONAL MINIMUM STANDARD ON EARLYCHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Full Project – ASSESSMENT OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE EDUCATION PROVIDERS’ ADHERENCE TO THE PROVISIONS OF NATIONAL MINIMUM STANDARD ON EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT The main purpose of this study is to assess the early childhood care education providers’ adherence to the national minimum standard in Zone C (Idoma) Education Area, Benue Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF PRIMARY FOUR SCIENCE IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE

Full Project – Effects Of Early Childhood Education In Academic Achievement Of Primary Four Science In Uyo Local Government Area Of Akwa Ibom State Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY What a nation makes of education system to a large extent will dictate the tempo of her match to Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN PRIMARY SCHOOL IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE

Full Project – Effects Of Early Childhood Education On Academic Achievement In Primary School In Uyo Local Government Area Of Akwa Ibom State Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY What a nation makes of education system to a large extent will dictate the tempo of her match to nationhood Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN PRIMARY PUPILS IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE

Full Project – Long-Term Effects Of Early Childhood Education On Academic Achievement In Primary Pupils In Uyo Local Government Area Of Akwa Ibom State Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER ONE 1.0       Introduction 1.1             Background of the Study 1.2             Statement of the Problem 1.3             Purpose of the Study 1.4             Significance of the Study 1.5             Assumptions 1.6             Hypothesis 1.7             Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – QUALITY ASSURANCE UNIT INVOLVEMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Full Project – Quality assurance unit involvement in early childhood education in Nigeria Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 TABLE OF CONTENTS Title Page Abstract Chapter One: Introduction Background of the Study Statement of the Research Problem Research Objectives Hypothesis Significance/Scope of the Study Organization of the Study Research Methodology CHAPTER TWO Literature Review CHAPTER THREE Research Design Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECT OF OVERTIME ON EARLY CHILD EDUCATION IN SOME SELECTED PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN JARLINGO

Full Project – EFFECT OF OVERTIME ON EARLY CHILD EDUCATION IN SOME SELECTED PRIVATE SCHOOLS IN JARLINGO Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY Early years in life are the most important to the formation of intelligence, personality and social behaviour of a child. The year before a child reaches Kindergarten Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – ASSESSMENT OF CHALLENGES OF GIFTED CHILDREN

Full Project – ASSESSMENT OF CHALLENGES OF GIFTED CHILDREN Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT Gifted children sit in class rooms bored and frustrated, they are left out and are not really benefiting from an equal educational opportunity as their peers, and their full potential is not considered. Effective management of children who are gifted and Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – IMO STATE GOVERNMENT EXTENT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL OBJECTIVES FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION

Full Project – Imo State Government Extent of Implementation of the National Objectives for the Establishment of Pre-Primary Education Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract Early childhood education is a starting point for a child’s development and the key foundation of the Nigerian Educational System. This type of education is recognized by the Nigeria National Policy Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTING PRACTICES AND ATTACHMENT STYLES AMONG EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PUPILS NIGERIA

Full Project – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTING PRACTICES AND ATTACHMENT STYLES AMONG EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PUPILS NIGERIA Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT   The study investigated the relationship between parenting practices and attachment styles of pupils in early childhood education in Kaduna metropolis, Nigeria. The study had nine objectives; nine hypotheses were formulated and tested. The Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTAL ROLE, EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND ITS DEVELOPMENT

Full Project – RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTAL ROLE, EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND ITS DEVELOPMENT   Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PARENTAL ROLE, EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND ITS DEVELOPMENT   ABSTRACT The study examined the relationship between parental roles and early childhood education and its development. A detailed literature was  reviewed in relevant subheadings. The descriptive research Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF PARENTS EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF THEIR CHILDREN

Full Project – IMPACT OF PARENTS EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF THEIR CHILDREN Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT This project was designed to research into the influence of parental background on the academic performance of children in selected school impact of parents educational background on the academic performance of their children in selected schools in Kaduna south Read more…

 

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE PERCEPTION OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOAL

Full Project – THE PERCEPTION OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOAL Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract This study was on  the perception of early childhood education pre-service teachers on sustainable development (goal 4) The total population for the study is 200 selected residents in Uyo, Akwa Ibom state. The researcher used Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND THE IMPORTANCE OF PLAY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN BETWEEN 1 TO 6 YEARS CASE STUDY GASHUA IN YOBE STATE

Full Project – EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION AND THE IMPORTANCE OF PLAY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN BETWEEN 1 TO 6 YEARS CASE STUDY GASHUA IN YOBE STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 Abstract This study was on Early childhood education and the importance of play in the development of children between 1 to 6 years case Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE IMPACT OF ABSENTEE PARENTHOOD ON CHILD DEVELOPMENT

Full Project – THE IMPACT OF ABSENTEE PARENTHOOD ON CHILD DEVELOPMENT Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT Children’ indiscipline is a problem that has become common in most of Nigerian primary schools. However, discipline of the children in primary schools is not an aspect of the school systems alone. Parents have a role to play in Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – THE IMPACT OF ORPHANAGE HOME ON CHILD PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

Full Project – THE IMPACT OF ORPHANAGE HOME ON CHILD PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE Introduction 1.1  Background of the Study The orphanage home is one of the numerous social institution that have emerged over the year to carter for some of the social needs  of orphanage associated with such Read more…

 

  1. CHAPTER 1-5: STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (TECHNICAL) UMUNZE. ANAMBRA STATE.

Chapter 1-5: STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (TECHNICAL) UMUNZE. ANAMBRA STATE. Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT The research work has undertaken to find out the strategies for improving early childhood Education Programme in Federal college of Education (Technical) Umunze, Anambra State. The study was guided by four research Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF LEARNING CORNERS ON THE PRE-SCHOOLERS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Full Project – IMPACT OF LEARNING CORNERS ON THE PRE-SCHOOLERS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Young children learn best by experimenting with their environment through hands-on activities and play, which is why learning corners are such a vital part of the preschool Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – EFFECT OF LEARNING CENTRES ON THE PRE-SCHOOLERS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

Full Project – EFFECT OF LEARNING CENTRES ON THE PRE-SCHOOLERS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Young children learn best by experimenting with their environment through hands-on activities and play, which is why learning centres are such a vital part of the preschool Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – TEACHERS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS INCLUSION OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS

FULL PROJECT – TEACHERS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS INCLUSION OF CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1     BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Every child born into this world is a unique being. Even identical twins who have the same genetic endowment grow to become different personalities. At birth, one twin could be Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT 1-5 -TEACHER’S CREATIVITY ON EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT IN ABUJA, NIGERIA

Full Project 1-5 -TEACHER’S CREATIVITY ON EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT IN ABUJA, NIGERIA Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 ABSTRACT   This study examined the influence of teachers’ creativity on early childhood development in Abuja FCT Nigeria. Three research questions and three hypotheses were formulated to guide the study.  The sample size for the study were  Fifty (50) Read more…

 

  1. DOWNLOAD THE FULL PROJECT – IMPACT OF FAMILY LIFE AND SEX EDUCATION ON THE PREVENTION OF TEENAGE PREGNANCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT IN LAGOS STATE

Download the Full Project – IMPACT OF FAMILY LIFE AND SEX EDUCATION ON THE PREVENTION OF TEENAGE PREGNANCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT IN LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER TWO   REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE   This chapter will present the review of related literature on the topic, Impact of family life and sex Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – INFLUENCE OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION IN PRE-NURSERY SCHOOLS IN LAGOS PLUS QUESTIONNAIRE

INFLUENCE OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND EDUCATION IN PRE-NURSERY SCHOOLS IN LAGOS plus Questionnaire Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  ABSTRACT The study examined “Influence of Classroom management in early childhood care and education in Pre-Nursery Schools in Lagos.  The objectives of the study are to: Examine teacher classroom management styles in Nursery classes; Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – APPRAISAL OF CHILD LABOUR ON THE PUNCTUALITY AND STUDY HABITS AMONG SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN ETI-OSA, LAGOS STATE

APPRAISAL OF CHILD LABOUR ON THE PUNCTUALITY AND STUDY HABITS AMONG SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN ETI-OSA, LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION   1.1       Background to the Study In Nigeria, the main instrument for social change is western education.  Education is the surest and greatest investment which a nation can depend Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – PATTERNS AND INCIDENCE OF CHILD ABUSE AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN LAGOS METROPOLIS

PATTERNS AND INCIDENCE OF CHILD ABUSE AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN LAGOS METROPOLIS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Child abuse has become a global problem that needs to be tackled if children are to be given the right to education and freedom. The issue of child abuse has Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – FACTORS MOTIVATING CAREER CHOICE AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

FACTORS MOTIVATING CAREER CHOICE AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Career choice, for most people, is a lifelong process of engaging the work world through choosing among employment opportunities made available to them. Each individual undertaking the process is influenced by many factors, including Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT – LEADERSHIP STYLES OF PRINCIPALS AND SCHOOL ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE

LEADERSHIP STYLES OF PRINCIPALS AND SCHOOL ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE (A study of five selected Secondary Schools in Somolu Local Government Area, Lagos) Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Educational leaders play important role with the intension to make teaching and learning more effective and to give quality education to students. Most Read more…

 

  1. FULL PROJECT-SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND LEVEL OF EDUCATION AS DETERMINANTS OF HIGH INCREASE OF HBV AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS METROPOLITAN CITY

SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND LEVEL OF EDUCATION AS DETERMINANTS OF HIGH INCREASE OF HBV AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS METROPOLITAN CITY Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the study Viral hepatitis is a term commonly used for several clini­cally similar yet etiologically and epidemiologically distinct diseases. Hepatitis A (formerly called infectious hepatitis) and Read more…

  1. FULL PROJECT- SCHOOL PLANT PLANNING ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EDUCATION DISTRICT II LAGOS STATE

SCHOOL PLANT PLANNING ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN EDUCATION DISTRICT II LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Secondary education plays a crucial role of preparing students for higher education and useful living in Nigeria. It is considered by many Nigerians as education that would Read more…

 

 

  1. PROJECT-INFLUENCE OF PARENTS SCIENTIFIC BACKGROUND ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT AND CAREER ASPIRATION IN BASIC SCIENCE

INFLUENCE OF PARENTS SCIENTIFIC BACKGROUND ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT AND CAREER ASPIRATION IN BASIC SCIENCE  Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5   CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION This study focused primarily at investigating and examining the influence of parents’ scientific background on students’ achievement and career aspiration in Basic science. This chapter is however presented under the following sub-headings: BACKGROUND TO Read more…

 

  1. PROJECT-SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND LEVEL OF EDUCATION AS DETERMINANTS OF HIGH INCREASE OF HBV AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS METROPOLITAN CITY

SEXUAL ACTIVITY AND LEVEL OF EDUCATION AS DETERMINANTS OF HIGH INCREASE OF HBV AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN LAGOS METROPOLITAN CITY  Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the study Viral hepatitis is a term commonly used for several clini­cally similar yet etiologically and epidemiologically distinct diseases. Hepatitis A (formerly called infectious hepatitis) and Read more…

 

  1. THE INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON CHILD’S EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

THE INFLUENCE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON CHILD’S EDUCATION IN NIGERIA A STUDY OF YABA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA LAGOS STATE Click here to Get this Complete Project Chapter 1-5 CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background to the Study Information and communication technology is becoming a ubiquitous component of the physical and social worlds occupied by young children. It is an Read more…